Its about the balance between the effort an employee puts into their work input, and the result they get in return output. How employees combine and weigh their inputs and outcomes to derive. This theory of motivation states that positive outcomes and high levels of motivation can be expected only when employees perceive their treatment to be fair. People compare their exchanges with their employer to exchanges with othersinsiders and outsiders called referents. These are the sources and citations used to research equity theory of motivation. Stacy adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, who asserted that. Ppt equity theory adams, 1963 powerpoint presentation. Process theories of motivation stars university of. Adams equity theory adams 1963, 1965 focuses on the issue of fairness and equal. Equity theory adams, 1963 1 equity theory adams, 1963 people develop beliefs about what is a fair reward for one job contribution an exchange. The utility of equity theory in enhancing organizational. Understanding employee motivation and organizational. The concept of organizational justice originated in the equity theory developed by. Our immense achievement gap web desegregation busing.
Expectancy theory an overview sciencedirect topics. In equity theory, motivation is affected by the individual perception of being treated fairly in comparison to others. Adams equity theory leadership skills training from. Wage inequities, productivity and work quality researchgate. The adams equity theory was developed by the american psychologist john stacey adams in 1963. Federal reserve bulletin, december 1997 by board of governors of the federal reserve system u. Equity theory adams 1963, 1965 includes social others indirectly in the balance between. Article pdf available in journal of behavioral and applied management 52 january. The construct is delineated through a series of propositions, and implications for equity research in organizations are discussed. Adamss equity and justice theory states that employees strive for equity between themselves and other employees adams, 1963, 1965. Equity theory adams, 1963 people develop beliefs about what is a fair reward for one job contribution an exchange people compare their exchanges with their employer to exchanges with othersinsiders and outsiders called referents. Equity theory adams, 1963, 1965 draws from exchange, dissonance, and social comparison theories in making predictions about how indi viduals manage their.
Adams equity theory how fairness affects employee motivation. John stacy adams introduced equity theory in 1963, and addressed our tendency to compare ourselves to others. Michelle adams says that local control doctrine is almost like a 153. Considered one of the justice theories, equity theory was first developed in the 1960s by j. Equity is measured by comparing the ratio of contributions or costs and benefits or rewards for each person.
Expectancy theory suggests that individuals are motivated to perform if they know that their extra. Chapter book on small and mediumsized enterprise networks and their contribution to territorial development in book entitled advances in management research. Our immense achievement gap web free download as pdf file. These three assessments are thought to combine to represent the overall motivational force for a goal. Pdf chapter book on small and mediumsized enterprise. Equity theory adams, 1963 leeds school of business. Therefore, equity theory will be helpful to management in perceiving what motivates employees berkowitz, 1965. Equity theory adams, 1963, 1965 draws from exchange, dissonance, and social comparison theories in making predictions about how indi viduals manage their relationships with others. Equity theory of motivation businessmarketing bibliographies in harvard style. This means that when employees are treated unfairly distributive justice, more punishment or fewer rewards. Adams equity theory, which stresses the importance of striking a balance between employee inputs and outputs.
Case study examining transformational leadership, servant leadership, power and change. Prior to the memphisshelby county merger, memphis city schools were 7. The equity theory adams, 1963a provides an insight into this phenomenon, especially inequity in terms of wages adams, 1963b. Journal of abnormal and social psychology, 67, 422436. Adams equity theory, a powerful theory of motivation. Equity theory focuses on determining whether the distribution of resources is fair to both relational partners. For example, equity theory adams, 1963, 1965 suggests that individuals will be motivated to reduce inequity. Like most motivational theories, equity theory pertains to the inputs and outputs of individuals. When organizational justice matters for affective merger commitment.246 198 1287 347 1051 807 636 294 63 1334 1441 451 1006 184 1277 326 248 791 213 278 1204 1392 276 703 1525 730 971 316 664 270 1382 734 42 525 955 168 195 1217